GNF - Forest Landscape Restoration Initiatives

Analysis of Forest Landscape Restoration Initiatives

An Analysis of Forest Landscape Restoration Initiatives and their ecological and social Effects


In the past few years, numerous international Forest Landscape Restoration Initiatives have been launched to restore degraded areas and to improve adaptation to climate change. The project examines these initiatives, their objectives, the involved stakeholders and their local impacts. Case studies will be conducted to examine the social and environmental impact of local initiatives. The protection of biodiversity and the involvement of local communities and indigenous peoples is a particular focus of the analysis.

Initial situation

According to estimations by the UNCCD, desertification and degradation are responsible for a global annual loss of 12 million hectares of arable land. This leads to large amounts of carbon being released, a decrease in biodiversity and the loss of vital functions within the ecological system. The continuous degradation of land and soil increases the impacts and consequences of climate change, such as floods, heavy rain or droughts. In many cases areas with high poverty rates are affected, where loss of harvests and food shortages make the situation even worse for the local community.


Over the past five years, numerous international projects have been set up to restore the degraded landscapes and better adapt to climate change in general. This includes initiatives such as the Bonn Challenge (150 million ha by 2020), the New York Declaration on Forests (350 million ha by 2030) and the Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN by 2030), as well as regional initiatives such as the 20x20 Initiative (20 million ha by 2020 in Latin America), or the AFR 100 Initiative (100 million ha by 2030).


A part of these initiatives is to promote projects designed to achieving these objectives through sustainable agriculture or forestry, protective measures and ecotourism. The sources of finance for the forest landscape restoration initiatives range from governmental support to public-private-partnerships (PPP) and exclusively private sector initiatives.


A large number of individuals with diverse interests either participate in the initiatives or are directly affected by them. However, when considering the various interests, the effectiveness of the forest landscape restoration initiatives still remains undefined.


In addition, the financial means necessary for the regeneration of forest landscapes are not yet available. In particular, implementation on a local level and the associated social and ecological effects have been widely disregarded up to this point. In order to meet the promises made, there is a risk that this could lead to the creation of large-scale monoculture plantations instead of species-rich ecosystems. There is a significant lack of criteria, which can be applied to ensure the ecologically and socially compatible implementation of forest regeneration. For example, there is no universal definition of the word forest.

 On the Way to Forest Landscape Restoration
Financing, Implementation and Recommendations
 Case Study Dominican Republic
The model forest concept for forest restoration, timber and cocoa production

© Torsten Klimpel, OroVerde

Project partner:

 OroVerde - Die Tropenwaldstiftung

Supported by:

 German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)
 German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU)

The project‘s approach

The cooperative project of OroVerde and Global Nature Fund addresses these challenges. The aim of the study is to give an overview of the existing landscape restoration initiatives that focus on forests, their objectives and the stakeholders involved. Based on a criteria catalogue and case studies conducted locally, the actions taken by the initiatives are evaluated in terms of their social and ecological effectiveness. The analysis places specific emphasis on the protection of biodiversity and cooperation with local communities and indigenous people. The financial aspects are investigated separately, especially to identify the involvement of the private sector.

Contact Person

Ms Andrea Reuter
Global Nature Fund – Office Bonn
Phone: +49 228 184 86 94 14


Contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals

The project should make a concrete contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):

 Goal 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
 Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
 Goal 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
 Goal 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

Official Project Title: 



Project period:


Project partner:


Supported by:

An analysis of Forest Landscape Restoration Initiatives and their ecological and social effects


June 2017 - July 2019


OroVerde - Tropical Forest Foundation


German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU)