GNF - Inclusive Green Growth Strategies

"Inclusive Green Growth" Tanzania


The population of the Tanzanian province Kilombero is heavily reliant on agriculture. Approximately 100,000 small scale farmers cultivate predominantly rice and cocoa. On average, their fields are only around 0.5 ha in size. Roughly 35 % of the farmers are female. Economic dependences and lack of management knowledge lead to high losses during both, harvest and processing, resulting in insufficient income.


This is where the GNF project comes in. In collaboration with the African Wildlife Foundation (AWF) and the Tanzania Forest Conservation Group (TFCG), GNF has set up a consultation program for some 2,000 small scale farmers from 13 different villages adjacent to the Kilombero Nature Reserve and wildlife corridor. Pastor Mangingi, project leader in Ifakara, states: "The goal is to increase the income of the smallholders by providing support on better cultivation techniques and new marketing opportunities in order to increase the profit from the sale of rice and cocoa. The intention is to help to further the amount of small businesses in the economy and also prevent the expansion of agriculture fields into nature conservation areas thereby avoiding human-wildlife-conflicts.”


Kathleen Fitzgerald, AWF expert from Nairobi, explains: "The project Inclusive Green Growth aims at enhancing nature protection and biodiversity conservation in this amazing location, while simultaneously improving the lives of the local communities. In order to achieve this, we help the small scale farmers to generate a higher income from their agricultural activities and better linkage to market, in exchange for conservation of the natural resources. Through the GNF partnership we are putting an emphasis on the protection of habitat corridors. On the one hand, we want to conserve and maintain essential migration routes for critically endangered and charismatic species, such as elephants and lions. On the other hand, human-wildlife-conflicts can be prevented by reducing the impacts on fields by wildlife and therefore the strain on farmers.“


An appropriate market for the agricultural produce is a necessity to ensure a sustainable and stable income for the farmers. As part of the project, we are setting up collaborations with some of the small, local processing plants which pay a significantly higher price for cocoa to the farmers. The access to an appropriate market and higher revenues serve as a strong motivation for the farmers to conserve habitat and resources  adjacent to the Kilombero Nature Reserve and the essential habitat corridors.


All actions within the project were designed to create a constructive dialogue between the farmers and the reserve authorities. Therefore, other benefitting stakeholders are the administration of the Kilombero province as well as the SUSTAIN programme, a joint AWF—IUCN program. Maintenance of the buffer zones and commitment to jointly defined harvest quotas are controlled by selected “Natural Resource Committees”. Adequate documentation and regular checks of procedures are necessary to ensure that nature conservation is integrated and efficiently implemented in each step of day to day farming.

Value Chain of Rice at the Tanzanian province Kilombero

Value Chain of Cocoa at the Tanzanian province Kilombero

Statement Kathleen Fitzgerald (AWF), July 2017

Statement Pastor Magingi (AWF), July 2017

Kocoa Kamili Tanzania



AWF has been operational in the project region Kilombero for many years and is instrumental in coordinating environmental activities in the adjacent provinces Ihemi and Kilombero, a part of the IUCN programme SUSTAIN (Sustainability and Inclusion Strategy for Growth Corridors in Africa). AWF has extensive experience in community development and integrating nature conservation into successful agriculture.


The community of Ifakara, capital of the Kilombero Province, is located in the rural centre of Tanzania, approximately 500 km west of Dar es Salaam, with a total population of five million the biggest city of the East-African state. Instead of flat savanna, the project landscape is luscious and green, surrounded by the impressive Udzungwa Mountains. Due to incredibly diverse rainforests, the 2,500 m high mountains are the key component of the Udzungwa Mountains National Park and represent an essential source of water to the surrounding area, inhabitants and economy.


The landscape developed over thousands of years, whereby water and climate worked as landscape architects. The Kilombero Valley, comprising the biggest wetland area in Tanzania, offers unique habitats and ecosystems with large amounts of fertile soil. The Tanzanian government has heavily encouraged the agricultural development of the land over the past years, resulting in several large scale operations, such as rice cultivator “Kilombero Plantations Limited”. 


Seeing a rapid population growth, the current population of Kilombero is 0.5 million, which has obvious effects on the environment. Over-exploitation of natural resources increases the stress on natural ecosystems , such as the Kilombero Nature Reserve or the Ruipa wildlife corridor, which is an important feature for the conservation of wildlife populations. Migration of species along the corridor is a source of discontent for the farmers and leads to conflicts between humans and nature. Overall, our partnership with AWF aims to create a landscape that thrives ecologically and economically.

Main Funder:

 German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)


 Stiftung Ursula Merz

Project Partners

 African Wildlife Foundation (AWF)
 Tanzania Forest Conservation Group (TFCG)
 Project areas


Mr. Udo Gattenlöhner

Global Nature Fund (GNF) - Office Radolfzell, Germany

Phone: +49 7732 9995 80



Mr. Thies Geertz

Global Nature Fund (GNF) - Office Radolfzell, Germany

Phone: +49 7732 9995 83




Contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals

The project should make a concrete contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):

 Goal 1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere
 Goal 8: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
 Goal 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

Project Title:










Main Funder:





"Inclusive Green Growth" strategies for rural communities in the Kilombero District


Realisation 2017 – 2020. Preparatory Measures in 2016.




African Wildlife Foundation (AWF) and Tanzania Forest Conservation Group (TFCG)


German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)


Stiftung Ursula Merz