In recent years, Poyang Lake National Nature Reserve has carried out a lot of fruitful work on wetland and migratory bird protection and monitoring, and public education. For protection and management, the reserve has established 7 protection stations in 7 counties in the lake area, making the number of stations increase to 11, the staffing increase to 100. Every winter, the reserve also employs dozens of bird protection members from the local communities. At present, the whole Poyang Lake wetland and migratory bird protection and management system has preliminarily been established. To promote the wetland and migratory bird protection work of counties around the lake and relevant departments, Poyang Lake Area Wintering Bird and Wetland Joint Protection Committee has been established in 2010. The duty of this committee is to supervise and assess wintering migratory bird and wetland protection work of counties around the lake. Every year, Jiangxi Forestry Department takes out 1 million Yuan (about 160,000 $) to award the units and individuals who are active in protection. For scientific research and monitoring, the reserve regularly monitors wintering migratory birds, especially those rare and endangered ones to ascertain the species, number and distribution of them and situation of their habitats. According to monitoring of many years, the total number of wintering water birds in the reserve is 180,000 to 300,000, and the Siberian Cranes’ population is 2,000 to 4,000. In 2011, the number of wintering water birds is 283,000. And the number of the Siberian Cranes is 4,000 on Dec. 18th, 2011. Besides, every year the reserve also carries out aero survey and ground survey on wintering water birds in the whole lake area. The reserve has cooperated with ICF, some universities and research institutions in China to develop monitoring and research on large water birds, aquatic plants, fish, zoobenthos, hydrology, meteorological, etc. For public education, the reserve has proposed the slogan of “Publicity is protection”. In order to improve the effect of public education, it has produced and distributed calendars, posters, manuals, umbrellas and other materials with the slogan on them. In addition, the reserve has also promoted a series of public education activities in local communities with WWF, NGOs and volunteers at home and some news media to arouse the awareness of protection on Poyang Lake.