Use of Land and Water Resources
According to a survey conducted by the Coastal Conservation Department of Sri Lanka the total population living in the vicinity of Lake Maduganga is nearly 24.150. 19.360 people live around the lake Madampa Ganga.
The people depend on the resources available from the lakes and surrounding wetland systems. Though, there is neither an adequate management nor environmental awareness programme, by which the local farmers and fishermen learn about sustainable use of the environment. The area already has encountered severe damage e.g. due to over-fishing, emissions of pollutants into the water system or the extensive use of chemical fertilizers.
Such issues need to be addressed not only regarding the local population but also with respect to its reputation as recreation area such as the resorts Hikkaduwa, Bentara and Unawatuna, representing the areas economically important pillar.