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Detailed Data

 

Lake Poyang-hu

 
 

Partner Living Lakes

 

MRLSD (Promotion Association for Mountain-River-Lake Regional Sustainable Development)

 

Partner Lake since

 

2002

 
State of protection
 

national protection status

Ramsar site (since 1992)

 

Protected area

 

224 sq. km [km²] of area are RAMSAR site

 

Size

 

4,400 sq. km [km²] in the rainy season

1,000 sq. km [km²] in the dry season

 

Length, width

 

170 km, 17 km

 

Water volume

 

2.95 billion cubic m [m³]

 

Lake sedimentation

 

13.015 million t per year

 

Maximum depth

 

25.1 m

 

Mean depth

 

8.4 m

 

Sea level

 

12 m

 

Catchment area

 

162,225 sq. km [km²]

 

In-flows

 

5 rivers

 

Largest in-flows

 

Gan and Xiu Rivers, connection to Yangtse River over channel

 

Salinity

 

fresh water

 

Precipitation per year

 

1,340 - 1,780 mm

 

Mean water temperature

 

18.3 °C

 

Mean air temperature

 

16 - 18 °C

 

Completely frozen over

 

never

 

Location

 

People´s Republic of China, Province Jiangxi

 

Higher plants

 

600 species

 

Birds

 

332 species,

54 red-list species,

White Cranes and Siberian Cranes

 

Waterfowl max.

 

500,000 individuals (124 species)

 

Mammals

 

45 species

 

Amphibians and reptiles

 

81 species

 

Fish

 

122 species

 

Inhabitants in the lake area

 

8 million people

 

Biggest problem

 

pollution, floods, erosion and degradation, eutrophication

 
 
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